In the last decade the region has focused on activities and strategic sectors such as Turism, Energy, and Primary Food Production.
The Italian industry association, "Associazione Industriali - Confindustria" recon at least different sectors in the Salento region:

- Fashion
- Environment
- Telecoms
- Electical Systems and Energy Contractors
- Builders, real estate and commercial buildings
Large Organized Distribution and Dealers
- Food Industry
- Shoes Industry
- Various Industry
- Information Technology 
- Wood and furniture
- Building Materials
Metalworking and Thermoelectric
- Health and Security
- Advanced and Innovative Services
- Turism